Palacio Nacional, Sintra
The Palacio Nacional Sintra is the best-preserved medieval royal palace in Portugal and was a favourite with the Portuguese nobility. The minimalistic gothic exterior of the palace hides a wonder of decorative state rooms and the national palace is a highly recommended attraction while visiting Sintra.
The Palacio Nacional as seen from the Moors castle
The palace’s long history has been intertwined with the fortunes of Portugal’s ruling nobility, who resided here from the early 15th through to the late 19th century making it Portugal’s most lived in royal palace.
The two distinctive chimneys rising out of the palace
The Palacio Nacional de Sintra is situated right in the heart of Sintra and this lead the palace to be commonly referred to as the Palacio da Vila, the Town Palace. The most notable exterior feature are the two massive chimneys, which protrude from the kitchens which have become the icon of Sintra.
Palacio Nacional Sintra Tourist Information
The Palacio Nacional de Sintra is open every day from 9:30 until 19:00 and the last entrance at 18:30. The entrance fee is €9.00/€7.00/€31.00 (adult/child/family). A typical visits last between 30-60 minutes depending of level of exploration.
The gothic exterior of the Palacio Nacional Sintra
Palacio Nacional Sintra History and Further Information
The Palacio Nacional de Sintra was constructed on the site of an important Moorish castle but this was completely destroyed during the construction of the palace by king João I (John I 1385 – 1433). João undertook a major building program across Portugal and the Palacio Nacional de Sintra was one of his largest construction projects.
The Swan Room inside the Palacio Nacional
João constructed the original layout of the Palace which included the front whitewashed facades, the main entrance and the central courtyard which is known as the Ala Joanina. The early palace blended both Manueline styles and Moorish architecture. The most visually striking exterior feature of the Palacio Nacional de Sintra are the two large chimneys that were not built to vent the large kitchens fires and ovens away from the main chambers of the Palacio Nacional de Sintra. The two chimneys were constructed during the first phase of building work on the palace.
The Palacio Nacional de Sintra was the preferred residence for João’s son King Duarte, who spent much of his reign based within the palace. The popularity of the palace continued through to the 15th century when more lavish royal building were constructed. King Afonso V was both born and died in the Palacio Nacional de Sintra.